Fabrication & Quality Education

Lock Nut – Purpose, Types, Sizes, and Alternatives

A lock nut is a nut that resists loosening under vibrations and tension. It is also known as a locking nut, self-locking nut, prevailing torque nut, stiff nut, or elastic…

Spot Welding – Process, Machine, Metals, and Alternatives

Spot welding, also known as resistance spot welding, is a specialized process in metal fabrication. Unlike more commonly used forms of welding, spot welding does not use a filler metal….

Copper Wire

Copper is one of the most versatile and commonly used materials. Copper has a wide range of uses, some of these uses are power transmission lines, electrical wiring, and spark…

Grub Screw – Purpose, Size, Applications, & Alternatives

The grub screw, also known as a set screw, secures the connection between two components or parts. In this article, you’ll learn the purpose of the grub screw, commonly available…

Metal Casting – Types, Post-Processing, Applications, & Alternatives

Metal casting is a process in which metal is poured into a mold and allowed to cool and harden. It is a major part of the metalworking process and is…

Threaded Fasteners – Types, Material, Coating, and Installation

Threaded fasteners are hardware devices that mechanically join or affix two or more objects together via external threads. Fasteners form non-permanent couplings or connections, even if removed or deconstructed, there…

Laser Cleaning – How it Works, Machines, and Alternatives

Laser cleaning is a process that can effectively get rid of foreign matter from a metal surface. It has surged into the industry as a simple, time-saving, and cheap solution….

Graphene

The thinnest material known to man, graphene provides extreme strength, thermal conductivity, and electrical conductivity on par with copper. As such, this material has made an uproar with the scientific…

Metal Passivation

Metal passivation chemically treats metal to reduce its surface chemical reactivity. Reducing surface chemical reactivity helps inhibit corrosion in metal objects. In this article, you’ll learn about the benefits of…

Jam Nut – Use and Function

The jam nut provides a quick and easy way to secure a subject nut in place or to secure a load. In this article, you’ll learn about its function and…

Metal Pickling: Process and Advantages

In fabrication, metal pickling refers to a metal treatment process that reduces impurities on the surface of a metallic object. The pickling process removes the surface impurities, such as stains,…

CNC Programming – Machines and Techniques

A CNC machine is a programmable device that can autonomously perform various operations of machining to produce a product. CNC means ‘Computer Numerical Control’. An operator applies CNC programming techniques…

Anchor Bolts – Specification and Types

Anchor bolts attach structural objects to concrete structures. In the fabrication industry, anchor bolts commonly fix equipment, structural skids, and vessels to concrete. One end of the anchor bolt embeds…

Steel Beams

Skid beams supply structural integrity for buildings, skid construction, and many other steel structures. The proper design, specification, and assembly of steel beams provide the foundation for a successful steel…

Steel Stairs

Steel stairs see frequent deployment in modularized construction and structural skids. Allowing for easy movement through a process module or plant, steel stairs meet building codes to allow safe passage…

Desalters

Desalters are crucial in the processing of crude oil. Typically, they are the first step in processing crude oil by removing salt and dissolving it into water. In this article,…

API Tanks – Function and Uses

API tanks see heavy use in the petroleum industry to store oil and other liquids. This article describes the features of an API tank, their construction, the different types, and…

Heat Treatment

Heat treatment, also known as heat treating, is a heated metalworking process that brings metal alloys to a melting point and cools to achieve certain properties. In this article, you…

Lifting Lugs

Lifting lugs are designed mounting points that help carry an object or equipment. In the world of engineering, industrial-scale lifting lugs move large containers and other heavy loads. They are…

Pressure Vessels

Pressure vessels are containers designed to hold liquids, vapors, or gases at high pressures. A vessel is considered a pressure vessel when internal pressure surpasses 15 psig. Examples of common pressure…

E-Houses

Electrical buildings, sometimes referred to as “e-houses” or “electrical houses”, are prefabricated walk-in enclosures that contain sensitive electrical and mechanical equipment that requires protection. In this article, you will learn…

Structural Skids

Structural skids allow for the mounting of equipment to a piping system, and for fabrication to be conducted in a shop environment. This reduces cost and complexity compared to equipment…

Weld Testing – Methods, Equipment, and Standards

Weld testing occurs via non-destructive examination (NDE) by a variety of means. NDE, also known as non-destructive testing (NDT), examines materials, components, and welds in such a way that their…