PLC: Programmable Logic Controller
Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) are industrial computers that have been adapted to run industrial and manufacturing processes. They are the brains of industrial process, giving orders and passing information to…
Piping & Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)
The P&ID, also known as the Piping and Instrumentation Diagram, is an end to end schematic that displays major process details of a system. P&IDs show operating conditions, major equipment,…
Control wiring is a physical mode of communication between control devices used to transmit commands. Sometimes referred to as the nervous system of the control system, control wiring connects all…
VFDs: Variable Frequency Drives
Variable frequency drives (VFDs) are a type of motor controller that drives a motor by varying its input frequency and voltage. This allows VFDs to control the speed and power…
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Centrifuges: Function and Types
Centrifuges make use of the mechanical force to separate fluids and solids of varying densities. Force is applied perpendicularly to the axis of spin. In this article, you will learn…
An actuator is a mechanical device that converts energy into linear or rotary motion. Actuators are used in devices such as: motors, pumps, switches, and valves. In this article, you…
Personality isn’t Permanent?
I was trailing 5-2 in the three-set match after dropping the first. It hardly seemed possible. As an incoming senior and reigning MVP I was getting beat by Steven, the…
Engineering Tools & Calculators See all
Flange Working Pressure Rating
Given design pressure and temperature, calculate an appropriate flange rating.
Heat Trace Requirements
This tool will give you the wattage losses to outside air given the insulation material and pipe size.
Control Panel Heat Dissipation
For calculating the heat rise inside of NEMA or IP rated enclosure.
Margin & Markup
Margin and markup are frequently confused. Don’t make that error with this easy to use tool.
Cable Sizing and Length
Ensure the proper cable size given acceptable loss, voltage, and amps. Or determine how far a particular cable can be run given acceptable loss, voltage, and amps.