Thermodynamic Cycles- Principles, Purpose, and Types
Thermodynamic cycles are processes that involve heat and work flowing into and out of a system. These systems usually intake a working fluid and output mechanical work or energy. These…
Lock Nut – Purpose, Types, Sizes, and Alternatives
A lock nut is a nut that resists loosening under vibrations and tension. It is also known as a locking nut, self-locking nut, prevailing torque nut, stiff nut, or elastic…
Spot Welding – Process, Machine, Metals, and Alternatives
Spot welding, also known as resistance spot welding, is a specialized process in metal fabrication. Unlike more commonly used forms of welding, spot welding does not use a filler metal….
Copper is one of the most versatile and commonly used materials. Copper has a wide range of uses, some of these uses are power transmission lines, electrical wiring, and spark…
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Grub Screw – Purpose, Size, Applications, & Alternatives
The grub screw, also known as a set screw, secures the connection between two components or parts. In this article, you’ll learn the purpose of the grub screw, commonly available…
Metal Casting – Types, Post-Processing, Applications, & Alternatives
Metal casting is a process in which metal is poured into a mold and allowed to cool and harden. It is a major part of the metalworking process and is…
Hydraulic diameter, DH, is the characteristic length used to determine Reynolds number when dealing with flow in non-circular mediums. Reynolds number may then be of use in determining whether a…
Threaded Fasteners – Types, Material, Coating, and Installation
Threaded fasteners are hardware devices that mechanically join or affix two or more objects together via external threads. Fasteners form non-permanent couplings or connections, even if removed or deconstructed, there…
Laser Cleaning – How it Works, Machines, and Alternatives
Laser cleaning is a process that can effectively get rid of foreign matter from a metal surface. It has surged into the industry as a simple, time-saving, and cheap solution….
Modulus of Rigidity – Equation, Steel Selection, and Values
The modulus of rigidity is the ratio of shear stress to shear strain. Thus, it measures the ability of the material to withstand distortion. However, the rigidity of the material…
Engineering Tools & Calculators See all
Flange Working Pressure Rating
Given design pressure and temperature, calculate an appropriate flange rating.
Heat Trace Requirements
This tool will give you the wattage losses to outside air given the insulation material and pipe size.
Control Panel Heat Dissipation
For calculating the heat rise inside of NEMA or IP rated enclosure.
Margin & Markup
Margin and markup are frequently confused. Don’t make that error with this easy to use tool.
Cable Sizing and Length
Ensure the proper cable size given acceptable loss, voltage, and amps. Or determine how far a particular cable can be run given acceptable loss, voltage, and amps.